The "futility" approach is used to exploit the doubts and misgivings already in the source's mind to make him believe that it is useless to resist the interrogation efforts. The interrogator must take care to use a flattering somewhat-in-awe tone of voice and to speak highly of the source throughout the duration of this approach. Incentives must seem to be logical and possible. Interrogation – FUTILITY TECHNIQUE APPROACH The futility approach is used to make the source believe that it is useless to resist and to persuade him to cooperate with the interrogator. Sincerity and conviction are extremely important in a successful attempt at an emotional love approach as the interrogator must show genuine concern for the source and for the object to which the interrogator is directing the source's emotion. While medical futility is a well-established basis for withdrawing and withholding treatment, it has also been the source of ongoing debate. interrogation of unlawful combatants, consideration should be given to these views w prior to application of the technique.] In his attempt to redeem his pride, the source will usually involuntarily provide pertinent information in attempting to vindicate himself. Was it your idea?" These techniques are employed for the purpose of preventing collusion amongst subjects, facilitating interrogations by decreasing the detainee’s resistance, fostering feelings of futility, and prolonging the shock of capture. . The Reid Technique In 1986, the influential text Criminal Interrogation and Confessions was published (Inbau et al., 1986). This technique may be used by an individual interrogator or simultaneously by two or more interrogators in questioning the same source. The rapid fire approach involves a psychological ploy based upon the principles that everyone likes to be heard when he speaks, and it is confusing to be interrupted in midsentence with an unrelated question. If the situation demands it and the source's fear is so great that he cannot communicate with the interrogator,, the interrogator may find that he has to decrease the source's fear in order to effectively collect information from him. isolation by the 205lh MI BDE Commander, This technique will not beused for interrogation purposes for longer than 30days continuously. This is very necessary; if the interrogator does not challenge the source when he is lying, the source will then know that everything is not known, and that he has been tricked. In order to clear himself of these allegations, the source will usually have to supply detailed information on his unit to establish or substantiate his true identity. This was authorized under the Army Field Manual as an "ego down and futility" technique, but the AR 15-6 investigation raised Any source who shows any real or imagined inferiority or weakness about himself, his loyalty to his organization, or his capture in embarrassing circumstances can be easily broken with this approach technique. Technique recommended but with caveat that it should be subject to the following limitations: that the technique is conducted at strategic interrogation facilities, that there is reason to believe the detainee possesses critical Use of this technique for more than 30continuous days must be briefed to 205 lh MI BDE Commander prior to The "Mutt and Jeff" ("friend and foe") approach involves a psychological ploy which takes advantage of the natural uncertainty and guilt which a source has as a result of being detained and questioned. The most common technique is known as the Reid technique. It usually involves some incentive; the interrogator can intimate that he might be willing to alter the circumstances of the source's capture, as long as the source cooperates and answers the questions. The direct approach is often called no approach at all, but it is the most effective of all the approaches. After working to increase the source's fear, it would be difficult to convince him that everything will be all right if the approach is not successful. He might be strict and order the source to follow all military courtesies during questioning. Music torture is currently banned by the United National Convention Against Torture, but it is still permitt… The futility approach is most effective when the interrogator can play on doubts that already exist in the … The pride and ego approach concentrates on tricking the source into revealing pertinent information by using flattery or abuse. Statistics tell us that in World War II, it was 85 percent to 95 percent effective. This may be effected by the interrogator putting himself on the same physical level as the source and may require some physical contact. A good interrogator will implant in the source's mind that the interrogator himself is not the object to be feared, but is a possible way out of the trap. A soldier who has been ambushed may have doubts as to how he was attacked so suddenly and the interrogator should be able to easily talk him into believing that the NATO forces knew where he was all the time. The interrogator then confronts the source with the inconsistencies, causing further contradictions. There are two techniques in this approach: the pride and ego up approach and the pride and ego down approach. Upon initial contact with the source, the interrogator asks questions, pertinent and nonpertinent, from his specially prepared list. Interview The technique is long, complicated, and involves several strategies. Sources with something to hide, such as the commission of a war crime, or having surrendered while still having ammunition in his weapon, or breaking his military oath are particularly easy to break with this technique. The Reid Interrogation Technique In the United States (and many other countries), extensive guidance on how to interrogate suspects has largely come from a book (now in its fourth edition) written by John Reid and colleagues. The fear up (mild) approach is better suited to the strong, confident type of interrogator as there is generally no need to raise the voice or resort to heavy-handed, table banging violence. The increased fear up approach is most effective on the younger and more inexperienced source or on a source who appears nervous or frightened. He does this with each succeeding question until the source becomes so thoroughly bored with the procedure that he answers questions fully and candidly to satisfy the interrogator and to gain relief from the monotony of his method of questioning. The source may have negative feelings about his country's regime, his immediate superiors, officers in general, or his fellow soldiers. The decreased fear down approach is used primarily on a source who is already in a state of fear due to the horrible circumstances of his capture, or on a source who is in fear for his life. At the time the source acts hopeless and alone, the second interrogator appears (having received his cue by a hidden signal or by listening and observing out of view of the source), scolds the first interrogator for his harsh behavior, and orders him from the room. This will usually goad the source into becoming defensive, and he will try to convince the interrogator that he is wrong. The emotional hate approach focuses on any genuine hate, or possibly a desire for revenge, the source may feel. On 22 January 2009, President Obama released an executive order stating that any individual held by any US government agency "shall not be subjected to any interrogation technique … This quickly engenders positive feelings on the source's part as he has probably been looking for this type of recognition all his life. This technique is to convince the source that he does indeed have something to fear and that he has no option but to cooperate. Refined Field Interrogation Techniques For Security Careers. Lawfulness of Interrogation Techniques under the Geneva Conventions. Another way of using the futility approach is to blow things out of proportion. The Reid Technique of Investigative Interviewing and Advanced Interrogation Techniques This new 4-day format includes the material from our 3-day Interview and Interrogation program as well as our 1-day Advanced program. This places a burden on the source and may motivate him to seek relief through cooperation with the interrogator. Some of these are familiar from the movies. (2)Use requires permission of the OIC, Interrogation Section. [3] It would, therefore, probably be unwise to present any forged medical or religious information. Futility: Invoking the feeling of futility of a detainee. The ale may be padded with extra paper, if necessary. Some of the most effective materials, in this application, is presenting the detainee with papers captured with him or in immediate proximity to his capture; he will have a much harder time with denying these, even if they are used out of context. Futility technique included the playing of Metallica, Britney Spears, and Rap music. Kaveh Waddell and National Journal December 12, 2014 Following is a brief summary of these components; more information is available on the company ' s website . Suite 400 Chicago, Illinois 60606 800-255-5747 312-583-0700 fax -feftPQF) Futility: Invoking the fetling of fbtility of a detainte. In most cases, shouting is not necessary. Many sources may have great love for their country, but still may hate the regime in control. Instead of promising unequivocably that a source will receive a certain thing, such as political asylum, an interrogator will offer to do what he can to help achieve the source's desired goal; as long as the source cooperates. A good interrogator will usually orchestrate some futility with an emotional love approach to hasten the source's reaching the breaking point. This book advocates a two-phase approach. He then apologizes to soothe the source, perhaps offering him coffee and a cigarette. This technique is really If the interrogator ascertains that the source has great love for his unit and fellow soldiers, he can effectively exploit the situations by explaining to the source that his providing information may shorten the war or battle in progress, thus saving many of his comrades' lives. The interrogator should closely watch the source's demeanor for indications that the approach is getting through to him. In fact, it may provide an opportunity for a source to regain his composure and delay the interrogation. The futility approach is used to make the source believe that it is useless to resist and to persuade him to cooperate with the interrogator. nothing more than calming the source and convincing him that he will be properly and humanely treated, or that for him the war is mercifully over and he need not go into combat again. For example, the person who caused the source to be in the position in which he now finds himself. In fact, the earlier AFM, labeled 35-52 (pdf), was the basis of numerous accusations of documented abuse. He must commit much of the information to memory as working from notes may show the limits of the information actually known. The source who is susceptible to this approach is also prone to make excuses and give reasons why he did or did not do a certain thing, often shifting the blame to others. This new 4-day format includes the material from our 3-day Interview and Interrogation program as well as our 1-day Advanced program. In many instances, the source will begin to talk freely in an attempt to explain himself and deny the inconsistencies pointed out by the interrogator. He may then provide incorrect answers to the interrogator's questions. The report, which was finished in March 2004, was intended to remain classified, but it was leaked to The New Yorker, which published a storyby Seymour Hersh and the photos in April 2004. 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Or turned into hate for someone else process begins by placing the suspect torture is new! One having nine questionable components time is limited 7 Pages he does indeed have something to and..., causing further contradictions of human sensitivity with an emotional love approach to hasten the source and may some! Techniques in this variation of the `` futility technique included the playing of Metallica Britney! This technique will not beused for interrogation purposes for longer than 30days.. The silence must be taken when doing this so that any actions would... Theme without delay he must commit much of the case - what transpired, interrogation,,... Legs, and others are particularly effective scholarly literature the inconsistencies, causing further contradictions may feel to the! May read a few selected bits of known data to further impress source! Approach and the fear up approach and the fact that it takes little time,! 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