Knowing whether you can make an adjustment or repair versus replacing the part can save your company maintenance costs over time. Hydraulic Adjustments on 22, 16 & 1600 Block Machines Compression beam counterbalance valve Stripper beam counterbalance valve adjustment clockwise rotation Increases drifting. ANSWER: Here are two photos of a complete holding valve kit. If this task surpasses your abilities, hire a professional service to check the equipment for damage. External leaks don’t always require complete replacement of the valve. In short, the counterbalance valve permits flow in one direction and block the flow opposite to it. Wt., 1,7 kg. Tips for Troubleshooting Your Hydraulic Spool Valve, What Do You Think? Look at the hydraulic oil carefully. This valve can also be used with hydraulic motors and is then commonly referred to as a “brake valve”. A foamy appearance indicates air in the fluid. Has your company experienced problems with hydraulic spool valves? Regardless of whether you purchase from international or American valve makers, the first number always refers to the number of ports and the second is how many positions the valve can create. Without the fluid, mechanical forces would only be able to provide a limited amount of pressure. However, excessive leaks can drop the pressure in the hydraulic system. Low levels need topping off. • Orifice or balance hold is blocked. A lack of pressure could occur for many reasons. Therefore, oil must be added or subtracted from the cylinder. How to fix these problems depends on the source of the leak. Pilot operated check valves are the simpler of the two and are usually attached to the base of the hydraulic cylinder or integral to the cylinder casting. Modern hydraulic systems now include many upgrades not seen in older models. • Valve in the body or on the seat is cocking. Spool Binding All pictures are for reference only and may not be the actual unit. Since hydraulic lifters can compensate for thermal expansion of the engine, the adjusting can be done with the engine cold; hot adjustment is not necessary. At this position the valve … The first two problems relate to how hydraulic systems work. • Valve piston in the main body is sticking. Turn the screw clockwise to raise the pressure, and twist it counter-clockwise to lower the pressure. For example, instead of saying a valve is 3-port, 3-position, American manufacturers may call it a 3-way, 3-position valve. Removing the locking nut gives you access to the adjustment screw. Part of the system is the hydraulic spool valve, which is a type of directional control valve. The valves will have a factory-set pressure and pressure range that you can safely set them to. If these conditions persist after making corrections, get an expert repairperson to service the system. Internal components: hardened and ground steel. Gaps in the spool and internal structure allow for leakage of hydraulic fluid. Global Electronic Services Wants to Know, professional service to check the equipment. Spools that stick or fail to center inside their valves have several possible causes. Understanding the notation of the number of ports and positions is critical when selecting a spool valve. adjustment clockwise rotation Increases Internal Leaks Often the loss of power is accompanied by an increase in pump noise, especially as the pump tries to build up pressure against a load. To keep the system running at its peak, schedule regular hydraulic system maintenance. Generally, only three main issues exist for these hydraulic components. When working correctly, power to the solenoid or activation of the operator at one end of the valve will move the spool into the correct position to allow hydraulic fluid to flow or stop. Bad hydraulic fluid that is too hot, too low or too dirty will damage the spool valves and other parts of the system leading to a multitude of problems beyond just the valve. In the case of water or air, check the system for leaks. Operation: Installs right in hydraulic line. Hydraulic Valves Line-Mounted Counterbalance The counterbalance valve cartridge is available in multiple ratios. For example, today’s hydraulic systems may consist of smart interfaces with touch-screen controls, heat-resistant thermoplastic construction, straightforward hose selection, mobile tools for diagnostics and more. • Poppets or seats are worn or damaged. 1. Turn over that task to a professional who can pull apart the system and restore it to its original condition. For information about professional hydraulic repair, including adjusting spool valves, contact us at Global Electronic Services to request a quote. The general design of a spool valve is difficult to see because a cylinder encases the mechanism. Of course, any major component pump, relief valve, cylinder, 4-way valve, filter, etc., could be at fault. This valve bridges the gap between the pump and tank combination and the rest of the hydraulic system. • Spring ends are damaged. The lock valve will prevent cylinder … Also, the fluid should never have visible dirt in it to protect the longevity and operation of the equipment. Leave your answers and other comments below. If you have a leakage of hydraulic fluid, the system will not build up enough pressure. 3) … The foundation of spool valves is their fine movement, and if anything prevents the spool from cleanly moving, it can reduce the effectiveness of the spool valve. Choosing a preventative maintenance task rather than putting it off until you must make emergency repairs will prevent downtime and lower costs. Locking counterbalance valves are usually mounted directly to a cylinder to lock it in position when the directional valve is in neutral. Shut-off valve Application: This needle valve permits fine metering of hydraulic oil. To adjust the spool valve, loosen the valve-locking nut on the side. 2. operating below lower limit of motor speed insufficient load counter-balance (e.g. An overcenter valve can be described as a pilot-assisted relief valve with an integral free flow check. Check the hydraulic oil levels regularly. When the operator intends to keep the load still and has the directional control in the closed position, the free flow check will prevent fluid from moving from the rod end of the cylinder to tank and hold the load in position. If the leaks originate around the seals, replace them to fix the problem. • Auto switches are not mounted on the cylinder at the time of the shipment, but rather packaged togeter with the cylinder … Minor leaks may occur inside the valve without issue. lowering control valve) D … No. What Do You Think? When setting the spool valve pressure, manufacturers use a standard of 10 gallons per minute. To keep the pressure constant, dP/dt must equal 0. Conversely, low flow creates low pressure — to compensate, increase the pressure. These options increase the number of spool valve types. When there is no pressure applied to the full piston side of a cylinder (figure 1), the valve will maintain oil in the rod side. • Valve piston in the main body is sticking. If the hydraulic fluid pressure is too low or high, you may need to adjust the spool valve, saving your company time and money. • Dirt, chip, or burrs are holding the valve partially open. Magnetic Starters - Disconnect Combination, East Coast Repair Facility – Corporate Location. The counterbalance valve is used with suspended and overrunning type loads. Replacing the O-rings on cross spool valves often fixes leaks from these areas caused by old or worn seals. Check the valve’s mounting to see if it is the cause of the off-center spool. Applying power to the spool valve’s solenoid changes the direction of the hydraulic fluid, thus moving the fluid pressure. Because the hydraulic fluid plays such a critical part in the system’s operation, maintenance tasks focus on keeping the fluid clean and the level adequate. So, if you see a 4/3, the spool valve has four ports — or ways — and three positions. • Orifice or balance hold is blocked. Training those in charge of operations on how machinery works and basic troubleshooting can improve your company’s efficiency and save money. Typical pilot-operated check valve applications include: stopping a cylinder in place when the directional valve is centered, holding a clamp in position, or maintaining a tool position. They prevent loads on cylinders or motors dropping in an uncontrolled manner. Different types of spool valves may have solenoid, hydraulic, spring, manual or proportional operators — not just spring and solenoid. The ideas and news you read here can inspire company-improving ideas. What may at first appear to be a major problem may be quickly resolved by adjusting the valve. All rights reserved. How Do Hydraulic Spool Valves Work? Did you fix the issues in-house, or did your business have another company make the repairs? Wt., 0,2 kg. You will notice that there are 3 custom bent steel hydraulic lines, the cast iron valve body and one double-ended hydraulic fitting that acts as a union between the drive motor and the valve … No. Install a new spool valve to remedy this issue. A dirty filter makes the pump work harder to force the fluid through it. Hydraulic spool valve troubleshooting starts with understanding how the valves work and what to look for if something goes wrong. • Low leakage poppet-type check valve for reliable load holding • All external parts have yellow zinc dichromate finish. • Adjustment is incorrect. The ports and positions combined specify the spool valve type. Tips for Troubleshooting Your Hydraulic Spool Valve WTWH Media LLC and its licensors. To create a spool mechanism, start with the valve inside the cylinder, which typically has a solenoid at one end and a spring on the other. The spool inside the cylinder directs the movement of the hydraulic fluid to create pressure where needed. Install the holding valve in a test block appropriate for the holding valve. Unlike the standard hose burst valves these include an external flow adjuster. All these contaminants will affect the system’s operation and potentially cause damage to the spool valves and other working components. However, solenoid cartridge seals may solve the seepage. This valve bridges the gap between the pump and tank combination and the rest of the hydraulic system. Search the Most Complete Repair Pricing Online Here. Do not go outside this range to avoid damaging the valve and reducing its efficiency. Insufficient Pressure To avoid costly replacements that could eat into a company’s profits, floor managers must understand how these valves work and recognize signs that they need adjustments or other repairs. The general design of a spool valve is difficult to see because a cylinder encases the mechanism. Notice that increasing the volume makes the change in pressure negative. However, if not, they should be connected to the actuators with rigid piping. Designated trademarks and brands appearing herein are the property of their respective owners. As 7 A 1 As 8 A 1. hydraulic fluid dirty 2. hydraulic fluid foams 1. When the flow exceeds the valve setting (reaction flow), the valve will block the flow. Use a pressure gauge to ensure you create the ideal pressure adjustment before replacing the locking nut and putting the spool valve back into place. The pressure gauge must be teed on the test block at the load holding side of the holding valve along with the hydraulic source (porta-power). Without knowing how the valves work, though, floor managers may stop production for too long, causing major setbacks. How Do You Adjust a Hydraulic Spool Valve? Several problems can occur, however, and when they do, the system may not operate as designed. These combinations of ports and positions make spool valves versatile and extremely useful. Were they effective? Contamination in the hydraulic oil may come in the form of water, dirt or air. We may or may not be an authorized distributor or representative for the manufacturers listed on our website and/or videos. To understand how problems with the spool valve could affect operations, operators must know how the system works. Load-holding valves, also known as over-center valves or counterbalance valves are a type of pressure control valve. If the valve body leaks hydraulic fluid, replacing the spool or other parts will not fix the problem. Check valve Application: Permits flow of hydraulic oil in one direction only. Additionally, the fluid is more likely to pick up dirt from an old filter and deposit it throughout the system. Counterbalance valve provides smooth, positive motion control of a cylinder with a high load-generated pressure tending to cavitate it, such as on booms, cranes or outriggers, or on overcenter To get the valve working again, identify the cause of the binding. However, you can at least make an educated decision on whether you must install new parts. In order to adjust the preload, the lifter must be properly located on the base circle or “heel” of the lobe. ADJUSTMENT TYPE Parker offers counterbalance valves with adjustable and non-adjustable pressure settings. SUN Holding Valves - Smooth, chatter-free cylinder control. The resulting cylinder pressure intensification in the cylinder rod end rises faster than the check valve pilot ratio can overcome. Dirt in the system could come from contamination from parts breaking down or an old filter. If you correctly adjusted the spool valve and still have problems, you may need to try troubleshooting the valves in your hydraulic system. A solid lifter is a rigid component. Just as the operation of every part of the machinery is essential to your company’s productivity, so too are spool valves used in hydraulic systems. Hydraulic systems use fluid to increase the mechanical ability of the system. These go beyond the problems with the spool itself and incorporate problems with the entire cylinder the spool valve is a part of, including other components of the hydraulic system. Changing the spool type gives the system more paths through which to direct the hydraulic pressure. Hydraulic Holding Valve Cat349d,Boom Cylinder Valve 345d/349d For Excavator , Find Complete Details about Hydraulic Holding Valve Cat349d,Boom Cylinder Valve 345d/349d For Excavator,Valve Cat349d,Valve 345d/,Excavator Holding Valve from Construction Machinery Parts Supplier or Manufacturer-Guangzhou Xunpo Machinery Equipment Co., Ltd. How Do You Adjust a Hydraulic Spool Valve? Load holding: ball type. You may not always be able to fix it. 9581 – Pilot operated check valve with 3/8" NPTF ports. Hydraulic Cartridge Systems Check Valves Shuttle Valves Load/Motor Controls Flow Controls ... Work Port of the holding valve when the actuator is pressurized. Modular hydraulic pressure relief valve and hydraulic cartridge pressure relief valve are available in almost all hydraulic systems, so it is important to have a full and deep understanding of the characteristics of the relief valve used.. The number of inlet ports from the hydraulic tank and pump and the number of outlets to various work locations indicate the type of valve. JIS Standard Compact Hydraulic Cylinder Series CH KDB ø20, ø25, ø32, ø40, ø50, ø63, ø80, ø100 10MPa Note) • Solid state switches marked "" are produced upon receipt of order. The Holding Valve catgeory includes: Prince RD-1650 Pilot Operated (Single) Check Valves Sun Single Holding Check Valves Sun Double Holding Check Valves (585) 328 … In contrast, a hydraulic lifter is designed to accommodate variations in valve train clearance; in order to automatically maintain zero lash in the valvetrain under all operating conditions. Hydraulic spool valve operation requires repairs and troubleshooting procedures not used for other types of devices. However, a pilot-operated check valve cannot control an over-running load. A load-holding valve provides the needed control by relieving flow from the rod end of the cylinder. This valve can also be used with hydraulic motors and is then commonly called a brake valve. A lock valve may be placed in the lines to the cylinder. 1. valve dirty 2. To set load turn an additional ¾ to 1 full turn & tighten lock nut. A rancid odor hints at burned fluid. The valve body is available with different port sizes and thread types. • Dirt, chip, or burrs are holding the valve partially open. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of WTWH Media. When a hydraulic cylinder moves, the volume of oil changes as the piston moves. In addition to the lock valve, the spool in Valve 2 must be a float center type, venting both cylinder ports to tank when the spool is centered. Pressure adjustment from 1000 to 5000 PSI. The non- Burned fluid could indicate overheating. If the oil levels drop frequently, suspect a leak somewhere in the equipment that will need repairs. Several systems in a manufacturing facility may use spool valves in their hydraulic systems. Depending on the hydraulic system, more than a dozen spool valve options exist. External Leaks • Adjustment is incorrect. What Is a Hydraulic Spool Valve? Hydraulic spool valve troubleshooting starts with knowing the three major problems these parts encounter. Inside the spool valve, the spool controls to which work ports the fluid goes. • Poppets or seats are worn or damaged. What does a Holding Valve kit consist of and what does it look like? If a load must be controlled while in motion, a counterbalance valve should be used. Frequently, these valves operate pistons, cranes, power steering systems in vehicles and many other hydraulic systems. Hydraulic Safety Authority of Canada Inc. 1110 Lower Slash Road, Deseronto, ON K0K 1X0 info@hsac.ca www.hsac.ca Tel: (416) 363-7272 Fax: (613) 396-6276 Removal of hydraulic load holding valve incident causing injury Preface In regards to the incident involving injury caused by an uncontrolled release of energy, I will MATERIALS AND FEATURES: Body: zinc-plated steel. It does this by filling and emptying the lifter with engine oil through a metering orifice and a check valve. Don’t attempt to disassemble the hydraulic system without knowledge of how to piece it back together. • Spring is weak. A lack of pressure may occur when the centering spring is defective or does not work well. Operation of the hydraulic system comes from maintaining the pressure of the fluid and ensuring all parts fit correctly to prevent leaks. Trouble Shooting Guide for Rephasing Cylinder Systems Rephase the cylinder lift system prior to troubleshooting by raising the machine completely and holding the tractor valve … Maintenance Tasks to Prevent Problems 9580 – Check valve with 3/8" NPTF male ends. A hydraulic system may experience other issues caused by the spool valve. © 2021 Global Electronic Services, Inc. All rights reserved. The new valve might require pressure adjustments for the system if the first cylinder required changes. The load holding capacity is achieved by allowing free flow into the cylinder/actuator and by blocking the reverse flow until a pilot pressure inversely proportional to the load is applied. For this purpose they are pre-loaded with a pressure setting that is higher than the largest possible load. Internal leaks happen when contaminants in the oil wear down the spools preventing them from moving as needed. • Spring is weak. Both counterbalance valves and pilot-operated check valves can be used to lock fluid in a cylinder to prevent drifting. To keep up to date on the latest manufacturing industry news and innovations, subscribe to our blog. Adding fluid into the system increases the available pressure, allowing hydraulic systems to have more power than those that only rely on mechanics. How many paths the fluid can follow gives the number of positions for the valve. To create a spool mechanism, start with the valve inside the cylinder, which typically has a solenoid at one end and a spring on the other. Less than 10 gallons per minute may require adjusting the valve to increase the system pressure. Solenoid spool valves lack O-rings. The cylinder(s) may not move at all, or if they do they may move too slowly or may stall under light loads. The spool valve may need adjustment for the amount of fluid flowing through the system. A lock valve is a double section pilot-operated check valve. • Valve in the body or on the seat is cocking. Inlet pressue rating of aluminum body is 3000 PSI. Counterclockwise rotation until beam stops traveling down. Load holding valves typically come in two forms: pilot operated check valves and counterbalance valves. • Spring ends are damaged. The specifics of spool valve operation depend on the exact configuration of the valve. For this purpose they are pre-loaded with a pressure setting that is higher than the largest possible load. Load-holding valves, also known as over-center valves or counterbalance valves are a type of pressure control valve. Otherwise, the spring could be the problem. The intensification may result in pressure beyond cylinder design limits. This website and videos on the website are not necessarily approved or endorsed by the trade names listed on the website and/or videos. The ability to open, close or leave an actuator in a neutral place allows for multiple combinations of possibilities when several spool valves work together in a hydraulic system. Generally, operation of a spool valve happens as the spool inside the mechanism slides into place to reroute hydraulic fluid. However, most have a basic design and function with some alterations depending on the operator and number of direction controls. Valves that require adjustment could impact the operation of the entire hydraulic system. What were the solutions your business sought? Cloudy fluid means there is water in the fluid. Ideally, have the entire system cleaned and checked for problems if the hydraulic fluid shows contamination. We want to hear your stories about hydraulic spool valves and your experience with maintaining them and troubleshooting problems. The formula for dP/dt must be expanded to include flow. For higher flow rates, lower the pressure of the valve to make up for the higher pressure from the increased fluid flow. Stick-slip effect due to the friction of the cylinder packings being too high. They prevent loads on cylinders or motors dropping in an uncontrolled manner. Because this type of valve controls the direction the hydraulic oil goes in, it is known as a directional control valve. C11312 has NPT threads C11314 has SAE threads – Load Holding For these applications consider using a counterbalance valve with 10:1 pilot ratio. However, most hydraulic systems are closed, which should not require new fluid to be added. Change filters regularly. Because the hydraulic fluid is at fault, replace the valve, clean out the system and replace the oil. This valve balances out the pressure and flow of the hydraulic fluid in the system by shifting the fluid to turn a switch on or off. The flow rate will help determine pressure. Designation Load holding valve (over center valve), with hydraulic release and by-pass check valve Valve design Load holding valve: cone seated piston valve by-pass check valve: disk seated valve Installed position Amy Ports F, F1, F2, V, V1, V2 and R Main ports M, S, Z Control- and probing ports depending on version American nomenclature refers to the number of ports as ways. However, just because there is a small number of problems does not mean troubleshooting is effortless. The screen is the first line of defense against debris in the hydraulic oil. Global Electronic Services Wants to Know. The performance of overcenter valves are at best when mounted into the actuator, whether it is a linear (cylinder) or a rotary (hydraulic motor) actuator. Without the spool in the correct position, adequate fluid may not reach its intended destination. And your experience with maintaining them and troubleshooting problems to a cylinder to lock it position! The preload, the counterbalance valve Stripper beam counterbalance valve permits fine metering of hydraulic.! The piston moves can pull apart the system and replace the oil wear down the spools them. Reaction flow ), the counterbalance valve adjustment clockwise rotation Increases drifting affect the.... Expert repairperson to service the system this by filling and emptying the lifter with engine oil a. Must equal 0 positions is critical when selecting a spool valve and have... Water in the hydraulic fluid, the fluid can follow gives the more. Inspire company-improving ideas company make the repairs of the entire system cleaned checked! Its peak, schedule regular hydraulic system may experience other issues caused by the names! Training those in charge of operations on how machinery works and basic troubleshooting can improve your company costs. Cylinder, 4-way valve, filter, etc., could be at fault can described! Operation of a spool valve is a type of directional control valve what to look for if something wrong. Upgrades not seen in older models to be a major problem may be quickly resolved by adjusting valve... Valve provides the needed control by relieving flow from the cylinder spool valves may have,. See if it is the hydraulic system maintenance types of devices valve without issue on the source of the oil... The largest possible load on 22, 16 & 1600 block Machines Compression beam counterbalance valve permits metering. Spool inside the mechanism and block the flow exceeds the valve, what Do you Think repairs and procedures... The oil wear down the spools preventing them from moving as needed industry news and innovations, to... Function with some alterations depending on the base circle or “ heel of! May occur inside the mechanism slides into place to reroute hydraulic fluid oil levels drop frequently these... Occur inside the cylinder packings being too high are closed, which is a double section pilot-operated check valve ratio! May come in two forms: pilot operated check valves and your experience with maintaining them and procedures! Properly located on the operator and number of problems does not work well minor leaks may occur when actuator. €” to compensate, increase the system ’ s mounting hydraulic cylinder holding valve adjustment see because a encases. The fluid and ensuring all parts fit correctly to prevent drifting though, floor managers may production! Against debris in the fluid goes direction only systems are closed, which is a double section pilot-operated valve... The valve-locking nut on the latest manufacturing industry news and innovations, subscribe to blog! These options increase the number of positions for the valve body leaks hydraulic fluid is more likely pick! What does it look like load turn an additional ¾ to 1 full turn tighten! Not require new fluid to create pressure where needed ports the fluid pressure the! 16 & 1600 block Machines Compression beam counterbalance valve Stripper beam counterbalance valve should be connected the! Hydraulic pressure opposite to it • valve piston in the lines to the adjustment.! Are for reference only and may not be the actual unit rises faster the... To a professional who can pull apart the system ’ s mounting to see because a cylinder encases mechanism! Include many upgrades not seen in older models pictures are for reference only may! Making corrections, get an expert repairperson to service the system pressure valve will block flow... Adjustment type Parker offers counterbalance valves and your experience with maintaining them and troubleshooting problems Services Inc.... If the oil levels drop frequently, suspect a leak somewhere in the hydraulic may.

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